space exploration in the 1970s

› View larger image, NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1970s: Kennedy Dispatches Probes to Far Reaches as Apollo Ends, Follow this link to skip to the main content. The different technologies developed in 1970s opened a whole new avenue in different fields like computers, space technology, and automobiles, to name a few. Science and technological innovations have not only brought prosperity to our lives, but have also given us a new vision. javascript is enabled. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. How have they benefited society? Discover the dates and details for milestones in space exploration from the years 1961 through 1970, including the first man in space, the dawn of the US manned space program… The cassette tapes were originally developed for the purpose of dictation. This home version of Pong made the video game company popular in no time. Read this Techspirited article for an elaborate explanation of the importance of science and technology. The credit for today’s exponential growth in technology goes to the 1970s decade. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Crewed spaceflights during the 1970s are listed chronologically in the table. The car industry was learning from its mistakes, while inventions like microwave ovens and cassette tapes reached unprecedented heights. It led to the development of networking. In those days, the company was located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in USA. The ‘Salyut’ was Russia’s space station while USA named its station as ‘Skylab’. The microwave ovens became popular in this decade because their prices fell; also the ovens became more compact. It remains in orbit until May 28, 1973. Moreover, the signals carried by these fibers were capable of traveling long distances without much losses. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Cray Research, Inc. proved to be a pioneer in the development of supercomputers as it released ‘Cray-1’ – world’s first supercomputer. The Japanese and German companies developed cars which were light in weight, fuel-efficient and also environment friendly. Image credit: NASA Improvement in the quality of recording made it possible to record songs as well. If you know your browser is up to date, you should check to ensure that William Higinbotham created one of the first video games called ‘Tennis for Two’. The credit for today's exponential growth in technology goes to the 1970s decade. Personal computer was a totally new concept at that time. Image credit: NASA Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Information technology refers to the study and development of a support-management based, computerized information system. The different technologies developed in 1970s opened a whole new avenue in different fields like computers, space technology, and automobiles, to name a few. The Salyut program continues with five more successful launches of seven more stations. He probably won't slow down on his own, but a new technology…. However, it was the ’70s decade that witnessed the convergence of technology and commerce. Computers, cars, space exploration are only few of the numerous technologies which developed and improved tremendously in these 10 years. Significant milestones in space exploration, The Apollo lunar landings and Apollo-Soyuz, Summary of space stations launched since 1971, Human beings in space: debate and consequences, Biomedical, psychological, and sociological aspects, Military and national security uses of space, new space endurance record (17 days 17 hours), first use of modular equipment transporter (MET), new space endurance record (23 days 18 hours); first stay on a space station (Salyut); crew died when capsule depressurized during reentry, new space endurance record (28 days 1 hour), new space endurance record (59 days 11 hours), tested modifications to Soyuz since Soyuz 11 disaster, new space endurance record (84 days 1 hour), first spaceflight devoted to one instrument, the Orion, conducted studies in meteorology, solar astronomy, atmospheric physics, third stage failed, forcing emergency landing, photographed parts of East Germany in multiple wavelengths, new space endurance record (96 days 10 hours), first crew to return to Earth in different vessel than they launched in, new space endurance record (139 days 15 hours), new space endurance record (175 days 1 hour). To get the best experience possible, please download a compatible browser. The 1970s saw the advent of small cars in the automobile sector. We hope you are enjoying TechSpirited! docked with Salyut space station, but faulty hatch on Soyuz did not allow crew to enter: Aleksey Yeliseyev: Nikolay Rukavishnikov: Soyuz 11/Salyut 1: U.S.S.R. Georgy Dobrovolsky: June 6–29, 1971: new space endurance record (23 days 18 hours); first stay on a space station (Salyut); crew died when capsule depressurized during reentry: Viktor Patsayev In 1973, the first Black Box playback – a mechanism to record flight information was started. These were possibly the signs of end of ‘Cold War’ between the two nations. Resolution of the camera was 0.01 megapixels. Some of the greatest achievements of the 1970s belonged to the most sophisticated machines of the day: robotic probes with computer brains, cameras and instruments that would return a scientist's delight of information about distant worlds. These were used in maintaining financial data, playing games, etc. The CCD image sensor chips were used to build this camera. This would lead to a new era that would include 135 Space Shuttle missions, ending with the last flight of the Space Shuttle Atlantis on July 21, 2011. Cassette tapes gained popularity because of their capability to store songs. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Why are science and technology important? In the year 1972, Westinghouse Electric Corporation made the first active LCD panel. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Image above: The final Apollo spacecraft lifts off atop a Saturn IB rocket on July 15, 1975, to begin the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, a mission that would see the American Apollo link in space with a Soyuz spacecraft from the then-Soviet Union. Japan made their impression in the area of developing small cars more than any other country. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. During the 1960s and 1970s, NASA also launched a series of space probes called Mariner, which studied Venus, Mars, and Mercury. The ‘Salyut’ was Russia’s space station while USA named its station as ‘Skylab’. Personal computers were manufactured as a result of large-scale integration in microprocessor chips. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The arcade game of ‘Pong’ introduced by Atari became an instant hit. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Learn more about the career in IT you’ve always wanted, or find new tips to further your technology career. Does the news announcer talk so fast that you have a hard time understanding what he is saying? First Space Station The Salyut 1 space station is launched by the Soviet Union and becomes the first space station in orbit around the earth. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Some of the important brands of personal computers released in this period were Apple II, Commodore PET, etc. With the development of Intel 4004, the world’s first microprocessor, progress in the field of computers gained momentum. Optical fiber – made of plastic or glass – was another path-breaking technology which proved to be useful for sending data at high bandwidths. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Image credit: NASA It was the beginning of a new era in computer development as well as space exploration. These cars also made their presence felt by introducing the concept of Alternate Fuel Vehicles – which used fuels other than petroleum. The development is mainly observed in the form of dedicated software applications and a number…. › View larger image, Image above: Space shuttle Columbia is towed into an orbiter processing facility on March 25, 1979, to begin months of preparations ahead of its first flight two years later. in USA and the NEC PC-8001 in Japan. The first space station in Earth orbit was the Soviet Salyut 1 station, which was launched in 1971.

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