south china sea location

Those are important issues.

Chinese audiences would be left with the natural impression that the dotted demarcation was the extent of Chinese sovereignty.

 Vietnam 1:Southwest Cay 2:Sand Cay 3:Namyit Island 4:Sin Cowe Island 5:Spratly Island 6:Amboyna Cay 7:Grierson Reef [zh] 8:Central London Reef [zh] 9:Pearson Reef [zh] 10:Barque Canada Reef [zh] 11:West London Reef [zh] 12:Ladd Reef 13:Discovery Great Reef [zh] 14:Pigeon Reef [zh] 15:East London Reef [zh] 16:Alison Reef [zh] 17:Cornwallis South Reef 18:Petley Reef [zh] 19:South Reef [zh] 20:Collins Reef 21:Lansdwone Reef [zh] 22:Bombay Castle 23:Prince of Wales Bank [zh] 24:Vanguard Bank [zh] 25:Prince Consort Bank [zh] 26:Grainger Bank [zh] 27:Alexandra Bank [zh] 28:Orleana Shoal [zh] 29:Kingston Shoal [zh] To the south, off Vietnam, the shelf narrows and connects with the Sunda Shelf, one of the largest in the world, which covers the area between Borneo, Sumatra, and the Malay Peninsula and includes the southern part of the South China Sea, the Gulf of Thailand, and the Java Sea. “Some people are not working that rigorously.” And though China also makes territorial claims in the East and Yellow Seas, these specks of land are not marked by dotted boundaries. On July 18, China’s naval chief Wu Shengli told the visiting U.S. chief of naval operations that Beijing would not halt its controversial campaign to turn the contested South China Sea reefs it controls into artificial islands complete with military-ready airstrips. In 2012, a fleet of Chinese maritime surveillance cutters patrolled the South China Sea in what was dubbed a “regular rights defense patrol.” A Chinese state TV crew was brought along for part of the ride. [1], The water is a usually greenish-blue and is transparent to depths of 24–42 metres (79–138 ft) on clear days. Hutchison, V.R. Still, it is true that in this bilateral territorial dispute between Chinese and Vietnamese interests, the DRV standpoint, more in a diplomatic than a legal sense, was incomparably closer to that of China than to that of South Vietnam. ", Yergin’s multi-chapter focus on the “world’s most critical waterway” makes sense because the South China Sea is in the news almost every day. [citation needed] According to the Kyodo News, in March 2010 PRC officials told US officials that they consider the South China Sea a "core interest" on par with Taiwan, Tibet, and Xinjiang. book The New Map: Energy, Climate, and the Clash of Nations into a single soup bowl, I will heartily recommend the book for its focus on a single topic: the South China Sea. Research by David Bandurski of the China Media Project in Hong Kong found that through July 12, the phrase was only used in six articles in the People’s Daily, the mouthpiece of the ruling Chinese Communist Party.

“Mao Zedong should not have given it up.” By contrast, she contends, Mao went to war with India over a border tiff. [17] China added a tenth-dash line to the east of Taiwan island in 2013 as a part of its official sovereignty claim to the disputed territories in the South China Sea.

South China Sea physical map. [14] In China, in 1959, the islands were put under an administrative office (办事处/banshichu). The English text of the interview is downloadable at, tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, Territorial disputes in the South China Sea, disputed territories in the South China Sea, List of maritime features in the Spratly Islands, Territorial_disputes_in_the_South_China_Sea, "An Ecoregion-Based Approach to Protecting Half the Terrestrial Realm", https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pf.html, "An interactive look at claims on the South China Sea", "Limits in the Seas - No. For example, the Sailing Directions include most of the NW area shown on Chart 93044 as outside of Dangerous ground, but exclude the Reed Bank, which is shown on Chart 93045 as inside Dangerous Ground. Southern Vietnam and Malaysia would be well within range of Chinese airpower. [2], There are 340 species of land plants and fungi recorded in the Paracel Islands, composed of 224 genera in 89 plant families. [1] The navigational charts and sailing directions do not completely agree with each other as to the boundary.

There’s no good way to reduce a 200-, 300-, or 400-page book down to 800 or 1,000 words and do it justice.

In an interview with BBC Vietnam, Dr. Balázs Szalontai provided the following analysis of this issue: The general context of the Chinese declaration was the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, held in 1956, and the resulting treaties signed in 1958, such as the Convention on the Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone. © 2020 Forbes Media LLC.

The southern boundary of the South China Sea is a rise in the seabed between Sumatra and Borneo, and the northern boundary stretches from the northernmost point of Taiwan to the coast of Fujian province, China, in the Taiwan Strait. Still, like other Chinese scholars, Wang contends that plenty of historical evidence supports Beijing’s claims of ancient sovereignty over the South China Sea — from pottery shards to navigational handbooks used by Chinese fishermen. The area is poorly charted, making it exceptionally dangerous to navigate – the major Singapore-to-Hong-Kong routes go well to the west[4] and east of the area.

Annual rainfall averages 1130 mm, and is strongly seasonal.

The island groups include: The sea floor contains Paleozoic and Mesozoic granite and metamorphic rocks. These variations included, for the Paracels: Jiǔrǔ Luózhōu (九乳螺洲), Qīzhōu Yáng (七洲洋), Chángshā (长沙), Qiānlǐ Chángshā (千里长沙), and Qiānlǐ Shítáng (千里石塘); for the Spratlys: Shítáng (石塘), Shíchuáng (石床), Wànlǐ Shítáng (万里石塘), and Wànlǐ Chángshā (万里长沙).[10]. He further notes that passengers flying on Air China will find an inflight magazine that shows the outline of Meichu’s map “imprinted in a dark line on the map of the South China Sea, reaching all the way down to Malaysia and Indonesia.”, During a recent interview on the Power Hungry Podcast, Yergin and I talked for nearly 10 minutes about the history of the Nine-Dash Map and the South China Sea. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). ), Humanitarian spirit was not shown to Yang, Wang’s mentor. China invested in Russia's massive Yamal LNG project and the new Power of Siberia pipeline will send Russian gas to China for the next three decades. The islands, shoals, and reefs are grouped into three archipelagos, plus the Zhongsha Islands (Macclesfield Bank and Scarborough Shoal). Full size.

), Wang nurtures other historic grievances. Later, in November 1947, the Secretaritat of Guangdong Government of China was authorised to publish the Map of the South China Sea Islands. “When we made the line, we stressed a humanitarian spirit,” Wang says.

In summer, monsoonal winds blow predominantly from the southwest; in winter, winds blow from the northeast. “I’m a scientist, not someone in politics.”, Although the phrase nine-dash line is used commonly outside of China — to the point where an international arbitration court was asked by the Philippines to adjudicate on its legality — the words rarely appear in official Chinese media. All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. Online Map of South China Sea. In 1958, the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued a declaration defining its territorial waters within what is known as the Nine-Dash Line which encompassed the Spratly Islands.

The southwest monsoon from May to November brings a five-month rainy season, and the seven-month dry season includes the March to April southeast monsoon. Poling believes that China’s numerous bases boost Beijing’s chances of controlling the South China Sea. 8–10°N, 115–117°E;[6] Sailing Directions pp11–12. The South China Sea is the largest marginal sea of the western Pacific.

The Chinese and the Vietnamese introduced 47 more species, including peanut, sweet potato, and various vegetables.

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