national institute of space research deforestation

According to INPE, Brazil's National Institute of Space Research, the number of fires detected by satellite in the Amazon region this month is the … Do not reproduce without permission. He has transferred control over indigenous lands to the Ministry of Agriculture and promised to review the boundaries of national parks and other protected areas that he says are slowing down progress in Brazil. This also partly explains the discrepancy between this column and the "Natural forest cover change" column. Brazil uses Landsat data as … All rights Reserved. They try to adapt, face these new challenging scenarios by changing places," Val said. Merck Is Using Drones to Deliver Medicines, Floating Gardens Can Improve Water Quality and Restore Habitat Loss in Urban Areas, Couples Share Risk Factors and Healthy Habits for Heart Health, Scientists 3D Printed a Soft, Tongue-Like Surface. According to the latest report by the National Institute for Space Research (INPE), the Brazilian agency that monitors deforestation, between July … But with the farmlands expanding into the Amazon rainforest, researchers said that it might open a new way for pandemic diseases to emerge, AlJazeera reports. “Satellites are not responsible for deforestation—they only objectively record what happens,” says a manifest by the Coalition for Science and Society, a recently formed group of scientists concerned about political developments in Brazil. More information: "There is a great concern because ... there is a displacement of organisms. From August 2008 to August 2009, INPE reported a deforestation rate of 7,008 square kilometers. Last month, experts urged the governments to invest in the prevention efforts to prevent another pandemic coming from animals to happen again. Also, the INPA said that last month's fires on the Amazon rainforest had doubled the rate of 2019. Bolsonaro called the numbers “a lie” during a 19 July breakfast talk with journalists, and suggested INPE Director Ricardo Galvão was “at the service of some [nongovernmental organization].” “With all the devastation you accuse us of doing and having done in the past, the Amazon would be extinguished already,” he said. “I hope he calls me to Brasília to explain the data, and that he has the courage to repeat [what he said] face to face,” Galvão said in an interview with O Estado de S. Paulo newspaper. To declare INPE’s data a lie is akin to arguing that the Earth is flat. Although PRODES is more accurate than DETER, the two systems tend to agree with each other, so it’s likely that the next PRODES report, expected in December, will show a deforestation spike of similar magnitude, analysts say. last month's fires on the Amazon rainforest had doubled the rate of 2019, experts urged the governments to invest in the prevention efforts, Brazilian Amazon Deforestation Increased to 25%, Official Data Showed, Experts Warn Next Pandemic Could Come Any Moment and Call for Immediate Prevention Efforts From Governments. Brazil’s space agency, the National Institute for Space Research (INPE), has reported the lowest rate (km²/yr) of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon since 1988 when the agency began its annual space-based assessments. Deforestation is shooting up again in the Brazilian Amazon, according to satellite monitoring data. The head of Brazil's National Space Research Institute says he will be sacked after a public row with President Jair Bolsonaro over the scale of deforestation in the Amazon. Read More: Experts Warn Next Pandemic Could Come Any Moment and Call for Immediate Prevention Efforts From Governments. “Scientific facts will prevail, whether or not people believe in them.” Galvão called Bolsonaro a “coward” for voicing unfounded accusations in public. Another system, the Amazon Deforestation Satellite Monitoring Project (PRODES), generates Brazil’s official yearly deforestation rates, calculated from a selection of high-resolution photos from different satellites. “I have always been impressed with the technical skill of scientists at INPE and applaud them for their trailblazing efforts to provide annual estimates of deforestation,” says Douglas Morton, chief of the Biospheric Sciences Laboratory at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, and an adjunct professor at the University of Maryland in College Park. The most recent DETER data suggest more than 4200 square kilometers of forest were chopped out of the Brazilian Amazon between 1 January, when Bolsonaro took office, and 24 July. AAAS is a partner of HINARI, AGORA, OARE, CHORUS, CLOCKSS, CrossRef and COUNTER. Yet, deforestation continues that has caused profound consequences on climate and global health. A spillover effect happens when there is an interaction between the primary host to the secondary host, although this rarely happens. That is a jump from about 1.5 million acres a year earlier and just over 1.2 million acres the year before that, according to estimates by Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research. Scientists rush to defend the National Institute for Space Research against political attack. Fishbone-like forest cuts create many edges, accelerating forest degradation. Annual deforestation rates declined by more than 80% between 2004, when DETER became operational, and 2012, but have been trending upward since then. “To declare INPE’s data a lie is akin to arguing that the Earth is flat,” Laurance says. But Brazil’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, whom many blame for the uptick, has disputed the trend and attacked the credibility of Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE), which produced the data. About 9,762 square kilometers (3,769 square miles) of rainforest were lost for the 12 months through July 2019, according to the release from The National Institute for Space Research … Herton Escobar is a science and environment journalist in São Paulo, Brazil. Ancient Bird Species With Large Wingspans Once Thrived All Over the World, Zombie Batteries Increases Fire Risks in Waste and Recycling Sites, Best Way to Transfer Dropbox to Google Drive, About Us  |  Terms & Conditions  |  Privacy Policy  |  Contact Us, ©2017 All rights reserved. Moreover, he said that climate change could also increase that risk driving high temperature and rainfall changes in the rainforest. Brazil has already seen spillover warnings with the growing problem of the emergence of diseases, such as the Brazilian hemorrhagic fever, rodent-carried hantaviruses, and oropouche, which is a mosquito-transmitted arbovirus. He added that the Evandro Chagas Institute, a public health research organization, has identified 200 different types of viruses inside the Amazon in which 37 can be transmitted to humans, and 15 has the potential to cause the next pandemic. (INPE’s official policy is to make all of its data public.) Also, 2020 had recorded damages that it is even worse than the 2012 fires when the satellite was first used. One of INPE’s monitoring systems, called the Real-Time Deforestation Detection System (DETER), generates an alert every time a new clearing larger than 3 hectares is detected in the forest canopy. Half a century conquering the space to care for Earth The National Institute for Space Research (INPE) celebrates in 2011 its 50th anniversary, and has the mission to produce high quality of science and technology in the space and terrestrial environment areas, and to offer unique products and services for Brazilian benefit. Other scientists defend INPE’s numbers. Check out more news and information on the Pandemic on Science Times. Sign up to get the latest science news delivered weekly right to your inbox! INPE got much less support from Brazil’s minister of science and technology, former NASA astronaut and aerospace engineer Marcos Pontes, whose department oversees the institute. Project PRODES [external link; in Portuguese]. Brazil uses Landsat data as a key input for their systematic monitoring of Amazonian deforestation, a project known as PRODES (Estimate of Amazon Gross Deforestation Project). The current surge of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest could be the exact phenomenon needed for spillover to happen giving birth to a new pandemic wherein viruses or bacteria could jump to different species, according to Cecilia Andreazzi, a researcher at the major public health institute in Brazil named Oswaldo Cruz Foundation. Bolsonaro—who said Galvão could meet with a Cabinet minister instead—has since toned down his criticism but insists INPE should consult with government officials before releasing deforestation data in the future because it is hurting Brazil’s image abroad. Brazil’s space agency, the National Institute for Space Research (INPE), has reported the lowest rate (km²/yr) of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon since 1988 when the agency began its annual space-based assessments. Some 7500 square kilometers of forest were felled nationwide in 2018. But this year’s spike stands out, experts say. This entry is filed under Forest Management, News. “Those data have long been used as a reliable barometer of what’s happening in the Brazilian Amazon,” says Bill Laurance, director of the Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science at James Cook University in Cairns, Australia. Pontes said he had requested a “full technical report” from INPE about the past 24 months of deforestation data and said his ministry had invited Galvão for “clarifications and guidance.” He has also said he agrees INPE should not make its data public as soon as they are ready. Bolsonaro is a fierce critic of Brazil’s environmental regulations and law enforcement agencies, which he claims are biased against agriculture and economic development.

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